Publications

  1. J. Poisson, H.L. Geoffrey, I.I. Ebralidze, N.O. Laschuk, J.T.S. Allan, A. Deckert, E.B. Easton, O.V. Zenkina, "Layer-by-Layer Assemblies of Coordinative Surface-Confined Electroactive Multilayers: Zigzag vs Orthogonal Molecular Wires with Linear vs Molecular Sponge Type of Growth", J. Phys. Chem C., In Press (2018). doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b10900.
  2. C. Odetola, L.N. Trevani, E.B. Easton, “The influence of Pt surface area on the photo-enhancement of the methanol oxidation reaction", Energy Technology, In Press (2018). doi:10.1002/ente.201700934.
  3. J.T.S. Allan, M. R. Rahman, E. B. Easton, "The effect of the gas diffusion layer on the performance of fuel cell catalyst layers in ethanol sensors", Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 254 (2018) 120 – 132. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2017.07.056 
  4. J.T.S. Allan, S. Quaranta, I.I. Ebralidze, J.G. Egan, J. Poisson, N.O. Laschuk, F. Gaspari, E.B. Easton, O.V. Zenkina, “Terpyridine-based Monolayer Electrochromic Materials", ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 9 (2017) 40438–40445. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b11848
  5. S.L. Cobourn, E.B. Easton, “The effect of copper contamination at the cathode of CuCl/HCl electrolyzers", International Journal of Hydrogen Energy,  42 (2017) 28157 - 28163.  doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.09.142
  6. J.T.S. Allan, M. R. Rahman, E. B. Easton, "The effect of the gas diffusion layer on the performance of fuel cell catalyst layers in ethanol sensors", Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 254 (2018) 120 – 132. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2017.07.056 
  7. C. Odetola, L. N. Trevani, E. B. Easton, "Photo enhanced methanol electrooxidation: Further insights into Pt and TiO2 nanoparticle contributions", Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 210 (2017) 163 - 275doi: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2017.03.027
  8. J.T.S. Allan, M. R. Rahman, E. B. Easton, "The influence of relative humidity on the performance of Fuel Cell catalyst layers in ethanol sensors", Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 239 (2017) 120 – 130. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2016.07.156
  9. M. R. Zamanzad Ghavidel, A. H. A Monteverde Videla, S. Specchia, E. B. Easton, " The Relationship between the Structure and Ethanol Oxidation Activity of Pt-Cu/C Alloy Catalysts”, Electrochimica Acta, 230 (2017) 58-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2017.01.129
  10. G.F. Naterer, S. Suppiah, M.A. Rosen, K. Gabriel, I. Dincer, O. Jianu, Z. Wang, E.B. Easton, B.M. Ikeda, G. Rizvi, I. Pioro, K. Pope, J. Mostaghimi, S. Lvov, “Advances in unit cell operations and materials for the Cu-Cl cycle of hydrogen production”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42 (2017) 15708 - 15723.  doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.03.133
  11. J.T.S. Allan, E.B. Easton, “Polyvinyl Chloride Composite Membranes Made with Nafion and Polysiloxanes for Use in Electrochemical Breath Alcohol Sensors”, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 163 (2016) B644-B651. doi:10.1149/2.0791613jes  *Open Access*
  12. M.R. Rahman, J.T.S. Allan, M. Zamanzad Ghavidel, L.E. Prest, F.S. Saleh, E. B. Easton, "The application of power-generating fuel cell electrode materials and monitoring methods to breath alcohol sensors", Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 228 (2016) 448 – 457. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2016.01.061
  13. C. Odetola, E. B. Easton, L. N. Trevani, "Investigation of TiO2/Carbon Electrocatalyst Supports Prepared using Glucose as a Modifier", Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 41 (2016) 8199 - 8208. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.10.035
  14. N. Abdo, E. B. Easton, "Nafion/Polyaniline composite membranes for hydrogen production in the Cu–Cl thermochemical cycle", Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 41 (2016) 7892 - 7903. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.11.180
  15. M. R. Zamanzad Ghavidel, E. B. Easton, "Improving the Ethanol Oxidation Activity of Pt-Mn Alloys through the Use of Additives During Deposition", Catalysts, 5 (2015) 1016 - 1033 doi: 10.3390/catal5031016 *Open Access*
  16. C. Odetola, L. N. Trevani, E. B. Easton, "Enhanced activity and stability of Pt/TiO2/carbon fuel cell electrocatalyst prepared using a glucose modifier", J. Power Sources, 294 (2015) 254 – 263. doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.06.066 
  17. M. R. Zamanzad Ghavidel, E. B. Easton, "Thermally induced changes in the structure and ethanol oxidation activity of Pt0.25Mn0.75/C", Appl. Catal. B., 176 (2015) 150 - 159. doi: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2015.03.051
  18. J. T. S. Allan, L. E. Prest, E. B. Easton, "The sulfonation of polyvinyl chloride: synthesis and characterization for proton conducting membrane applications", J. Membr. Sci.,  489 (2015) 175 - 182. doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2015.03.093.
  19. J. I. Eastcott, E. B. Easton, "Investigation of Transport Mechanisms for Sulfonated Silica-Based Fuel Cell Electrode Structures", J. Electrochem. Soc., 162 (2015) F764 – F771. doi:10.1149/2.0841507jes *Open Access*
  20. G. F. Naterer, S. Suppiah, L. Stolberg, M. Lewis, Z. Wang, M. A. Rosen, I. Dincer, K. Gabriel, A. Odukoya, E. Secnik, E. B. Easton, and V. Papangelakis, "Progress in thermochemical hydrogen production with the copperechlorine cycle", Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 40 (2015) 6283 – 6295. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.02.124
  21. K. M. Yarrow, N. E. De Almeida, E. B. Easton, "The impact of pre-swelling on the stability of Nafion/SS composite membranes", J. Therm. Anal. Calorim., 119 (2015) 807 - 814. doi: 10.1007/s10973-013-3559-4
  22. N. Abdo, E. B. Easton. "Polyaniline Composite Membranes for Hydrogen Production in Cu-Cl Thermochemical Cycle". Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Hydrogen Production, 244-253. 2015. Eds. G. Naterer and I. Dincer, Oshawa, ON, Canada.   PDF
  23. C. Odetola, E. B. Easton, L. Trevani. "Investigation of TiO2/Carbon Electrocatalyst Supports Prepared Using Glucose as a Modifier ". Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Hydrogen Production, 166-174. 2015. Eds. G. Naterer and I. Dincer, Oshawa, ON, Canada.   PDF
  24. O. O. Reid, F. S. Saleh, E. B. Easton, "Application of the Transmission Line EIS Model to Fuel Cell Catalyst Layer Durability", ECS Trans., 61(23) 25 – 32 (2014) . doi: 10.1149/06123.0025ecst
  25. G. F. Naterer, S. Suppiah, L. Stolberg, M. Lewis, S. Ahmed, Z. Wang, M. A. Rosen, I. Dincer, K. Gabriel, E. Secnik, E.B. Easton, S. Lvov, V. Papangelakis, A. Odukoya, " Progress of international program on hydrogen production with the copper–chlorine cycle", Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 39 (2014) 2431 – 2445. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.11.073
  26. D. V. Arulmani, J. I Eastcott, S. G. Mavilla, E. B. Easton, "Photo-enhanced activity of Pt and Pt-Ru catalysts towards the electro-oxidation of methanol", J. Power Sources, 247 (2014) 890 – 895.
    doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.08.140
  27. O. Reid, F. S. Saleh, E. B. Easton, "Determining electrochemically active surface area in PEM fuel cell electrodes with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and its application to catalyst durability",  Electrochimica Acta, 114 (2013) 278 – 284. doi: 10.1016/j.electacta.2013.10.050
  28. P. S. R. Edge, E. B Easton, "Comparison of novel anode materials for the production of hydrogen using CuCl/HCl electrolyzers",  ECS Trans., 53 (9) 11 – 20 (2013). doi: 10.1149/05309.0011ecst
  29. S. G. Mavilla, B. J. MacLean, E. B Easton, "Preparation and Characterization of Non-Precious Metal Fuel Cell Catalysts via Chemical Modification of Carbon Surfaces",  ECS Trans., 53 (12) 31 – 41 (2013). doi: 10.1149/05312.0031ecst
  30. F. S. Saleh, E. B. Easton, "Assessment of the ethanol oxidation activity and durability of Pt catalysts with or without a carbon support using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy", J. Power Sources, 246 (2014) 392 –401. doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.07.109
  31. J. I Eastcott, E. B. Easton, "Sulfonated Silica-Based Fuel Cell Electrode Structures for Low Humidity Applications", J. Power Sources, 245 (2014) 487 – 494.  doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.07.005 
  32. M. Ammam, E. B. Easton, "Oxygen reduction activity of binary PtMn/C, ternary PtMnX/C (X=Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Mo and, Sn) and quaternary PtMnCuX/C (X = Fe, Co, Ni, and Sn) and PtMnMoX/C (X = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Sn) ", J. Power Sources, 236 (2013) 311 – 320. doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.02.029
  33. M. Ammam, E. B. Easton, "A simple method to reduce the particle size and amount of oxide phase growth in Pt-Mn catalysts for ethanol oxidation", J. Electrochem. Soc., 160 (2013) F212 – F217.
    doi: 10.1149/2.012303jes
  34. M. Ammam, E. B. Easton, "Hybrid material based on 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ionic liquid and Dawson polyoxoanion [P2Mo18O62]6−. Part II: further characterizations and catalytic oxidation of the NADH coenzyme", J. Solid State Electrochem., 17 (2013) 137 - 143. 
    doi 10.1007/s10008-012-1869-2
  35. G.F. Naterer, S. Suppiah, L. Stolberg, M. Lewis, Z. Wang, I. Dincer, M.A. Rosen, K. Gabriel, E. Secnik, E.B. Easton, I. Pioro, S. Lvov, J. Jiang, J. Mostaghimi, B.M. Ikeda, G. Rizvi, L. Lu, A. Odukoya, P. Spekkens, M. Fowler, J. Avsec, "Progress of international hydrogen production network for the thermochemical Cu-Cl cycle", Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 38 (2013) 740 – 759.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.10.023
  36. M. Ammam, E. B. Easton, "PtCu/C and Pt(Cu)/C catalysts: Synthesis, characterization and catalytic activity towards ethanol electrooxidation", J. Power Sources, 222 (2013) 79 - 87. 
    doi 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.07.143.
  37. S. Ranganathan, P. S. R. Edge, E.B. Easton, "Evaluation of Anode Electrode Materials for Cu-Cl/HCl Electrolyzers for Hydrogen Production",  ECS Trans., 41 (31) 111 – 120 (2012). doi:10.1149/1.3702861
  38. M. Ammam, E. B. Easton, "Quaternary PtMnCuX/C (X=Fe, Co, Ni, and Sn) and PtMnMoX/C (X=Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Sn) alloys catalysts: Synthesis, characterization and activity towards ethanol electrooxidation", J. Power Sources, 215 (2012) 188 – 198. doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.05.007.
  39. M. Ammam, E. B. Easton, "Ternary PtMnX/C (X=Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Mo and, Sn) alloy catalysts for ethanol electrooxidation", J. Electrochem. Soc., 159 (2012), 159 (2012) B635 – B640.http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/2.043206jes
  40. F. S. Saleh, E. B. Easton, "Diagnosing degradation within PEM fuel cell catalyst layers using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy", J. Electrochem. Soc., 159 (2012) B546 – B553.http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/2.098205jes
  41. M. Ammam, L. E. Prest, A.D. Pauric, E. B. Easton, "Synthesis, characterization and catalytic activity of binary PtMn/C alloy catalysts towards ethanol oxidation", J. Electrochem. Soc., 159 (2012) B195 – B200. http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/2.095202jes
  42. M. Ammam, E. B. Easton, "Novel organic-inorganic hybrid material based on Tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)dichlororuthenium(II) hexahydrate and Dawson-type tungstophosphate K7[H4PW18O62]*18H2O as a bifuctional hydrogen peroxide electrocatalyst for biosensors", Sensor. Actuat. B-Chem., 161 (2012) 520 – 572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2011.10.070
  43. J.I. Eastcott, K.M. Yarrow, A.W. Pedersen, E.B. Easton, “Fuel Cell Electrode Structures Containing Sulfonated Organosilane-Based Proton Conductors”, J. Power Sources, 197 (2012) 102 – 106. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.09.023
  44. G.F. Naterer, S. Suppiah, L. Stolberg, M. Lewis, M. Ferrandon, Z. Wang, I. Dincer, K. Gabriel, M.A. Rosen, E. Secnik, E.B. Easton, L. Trevani, I. Pioro, P. Tremaine, S. Lvov, J. Jiang, G. Rizvi, B.M. Ikeda, L. Lu, M. Kaye, W.R. Smith, J. Mostaghimi, P. Spekkens, M. Fowler, J. Avsec, "Clean hydrogen production with the Cu-Cl cycle – Progress of international consortium, I: Experimental unit operations", Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 36 (2011) 15472 – 15485. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.08.012 
  45. G.F. Naterer, S. Suppiah, L. Stolberg, M. Lewis, M. Ferrandon, Z. Wang, I. Dincer, K. Gabriel, M.A. Rosen, E. Secnik, E.B. Easton, L. Trevani, I. Pioro, P. Tremaine, S. Lvov, J. Jiang, G. Rizvi, B.M. Ikeda, L. Lu, M. Kaye, W.R. Smith, J. Mostaghimi, P. Spekkens, M. Fowler, J. Avsec, "Clean hydrogen production with the Cu-Cl cycle – Progress of international consortium, II: Simulations, thermochemical data and materials", Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 36 (2011) 15486 – 15501.doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.08.013 
  46. J. I. Eastcott, J.A. Powell, A. J. Vreugdenhil, E.B. Easton, "Electrochemical and Morphological Studies of Ceramic Carbon Electrodes for Fuel Cell Systems", ECS Trans., 41(1) 583 – 864 (2011).http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.3635619
  47. A. D. Pauric, B. J. MacLean, E. B. Easton, "Fe-N/C Oxygen Reduction Catalysis Prepared by Covalent Attachment of 1,10-Phenanthroline to a Carbon Surface", J. Electrochem. Soc., 158 (2011) B331 – B336. doi:10.1149/1.3541256
  48. M. Ammam, E.B. Easton, "High-performance glucose sensor based on glucose oxidase encapsulated in new synthesized platinum nanoparticles supported on carbon Vulcan/Nafion composite deposited on glassy carbon", Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 155 (2011) 340 – 346.doi:10.1016/j.snb.2011.04.016
  49. M. Ammam, E. B. Easton, "Advanced NOx gas sensing based on novel Hybrid organic-inorganic semiconducting nanomaterial formed between pyrrole and Dawson type polyoxoanion [P2Mo18O62]6-", Journal of Materials Chemistry, 21 (2011) 7886 – 7891. doi:10.1039/c1jm11244a
  50. M. Ammam, E. B. Easton, "Selective determination of ascorbic acid with a new hybrid material based 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ionic liquid and the Dawson type ion [P2Mo18O62]6- immobilized on glassy carbon", Electrochim. Acta, 56 (2011) 2847 – 2855. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2010.12.072
  51. A.D. Pauric, E.B. Easton, B.J. MacLean, "Fe-N/C Oxygen Reduction Catalysts Prepared by Surface Functionalization of Carbon Black with 5,6-diamino,1-10-phenanthroline", ECS Trans., 28 (23) 55 – 62 (2010). doi:10.1149/1.3496610
  52. N. E. De Almeida, E.B. Easton, "Nafion/ Sulfonated Silica Composite Membranes for PEM Fuel Cells", ECS Trans., 28 (27) 29-38 (2010). doi:10.1149/1.3496610
  53. A.W. Pedersen, A.D. Pauric, J.I. Eastcott, E.B. Easton, "Proton Conductivity within Fuel Cell Electrodes Containing a Sulfonated Carbon Support", ECS Trans., 28 (27) 39-49 (2010). doi:10.1149/1.3496611
  54. G. F. Naterer, S. Suppiah, L. Stolberg, M. Lewis, Z. Wang, K. Gabriel, I. Dincer, M. A. Rosen, P. Spekkens, S. Lvov, M. Fowler, P. Tremaine, J. Mostaghimi, E. B. Easton, L. Trevani, G. Rizvi, B. M. Ikeda, M. H. Kaye, L. Lu, I. Pioro, W. R. Smith, E. Secnik, J. Jiang, J. Avsec, "Canada’s Program on Nuclear Hydrogen Production and the Thermochemical Cu-Cl Cycle", Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 35 (2010) 10905-10926. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.07.087
  55. A.D. Pauric, A. W. Pedersen, T. Andrusiak, E. B. Easton, "A Surface Modification Route to Non-Precious Metal Fuel Cell Catalysts", J. Electrochem. Soc., 157, B370-B375 (2010). doi:10.1149/1.3283100
  56. S. Ranganathan and E. B. Easton, "High performance ceramic carbon electrodes-based anodes for use in the Cu-Cl thermochemical cycle for hydrogen production", Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 35, 1001-1007 (2010). doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009. 2009.11.077
  57. S. Ranganathan and E. B. Easton, "Ceramic carbon electrode-based anodes for use in the Cu-Cl thermochemical cycle", Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 35, 4871 - 4876 (2010).doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.08.085
  58. J.I. Eastcott, E.B. Easton, "Electrochemical Studies of Ceramic Carbon Electrodes for Fuel Cell Systems: A Catalyst Layer Without Sulfonic Acid Groups", Electrochim. Acta, 54, 3460-3466 (2009). doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2009.01.007 
  59. G. Naterer, S. Suppiah, M. Lewis, K. Gabriel, I. Dincer, M. A. Rosen, M. Fowler, G. Rizvi, E. B. Easton, B. M. Ikeda, M. H. Kaye, L. Lu, I. Pioro, P. Spekkens, P. Tremaine, J. Mostaghimi, J. Avsec, and J. Jiang, "Recent Canadian advances in nuclear-based hydrogen production and the thermochemical Cu-Cl cycle", Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 34, 2901-2917 (2009).  doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.01.090 
  60. S. Ranganathan and E. B. Easton. "Ceramic Carbon Electrode-Based Anodes for use in the Copper-Chlorine Thermochemical Cycle". Proceedings of the International Conference on Hydrogen Production, 77-84. 2009. Eds. G. Naterer and I. Dincer, Oshawa, ON, Canada.   PDF
  61. S. Ranganathan and E. B. Easton, "Anode electrode materials for use in the Cu-Cl thermochemical cycle for the production of hydrogen", Proceedings of the 8th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, August 2009, Montreal, Canada.  PDF
  62. E. B. Easton, A. Bonakdarpour, R. Yang, D. A. Stevens, J. R. Dahn, "Magnetron Sputtered Fe-C-N, Fe-C, and C-N Based Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts", J. Electrochem. Soc., 155 (2008) B547-B557.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.2899013
  63. E. B. Easton, R. Yang, A. Bonakdarpour, and J. R. Dahn, "Thermal Evolution of the Structure and Activity of Magnetron Sputtered TM-C-N (TM = Fe, Co) Oxygen Reduction Catalysts", Electrochem. Solid-State Lett., (10) 2007 B6 - B10. doi:10.1149/1.2363947
  64. R. Yang, A. Bonakdarpour, E. B. Easton, P. Stoffyn-Egli, and J. R. Dahn. "Co–C–N Oxygen Reduction Catalysts Prepared by Combinatorial Magnetron Sputter Deposition", J. Electrochem. Soc., 154(2007) A275-A282. doi:10.1149/1.2435670
  65. E. B. Easton, R. Yang, A. Bonakdarpour, D. A. Stevens, D.G. O'Neill, G. Vernstrom, D. P. O'Brien, A. K. Schmoeckel, T. E. Wood, R. T. Atanasoski, and J. R. Dahn, ECS Trans. 3 (2006) (1) 241-248.doi:10.1149/1.2356142
  66. R. Yang, J. R. Dahn, A. Bonakdarpour, and E. B. Easton, ECS Trans. 3 (2006) (1) 221-231.doi:10.1149/1.2356140
  67. E. B. Easton, A. Bonakdarpour, and J. R. Dahn, "Fe-C-N Oxygen Reduction Catalysts Prepared by Combinatorial Sputter Deposition", Electrochem. Solid-State Lett., 9 (2006) A463-A467.doi:10.1149/1.2266157
  68. E. B. Easton, Th. Buhrmester, and J. R. Dahn, "Preparation and Characterization of Sputtered Fe1 xNx Films", Thin Solid Films, 49 (2005) 60-66. doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2005.06.063
  69. E. B. Easton, T. D. Astill, and S. Holdcroft, "Properties of Gas Diffusion Electrodes Containing Sulfonated Poly(ether ether ketone)", J. Electrochem. Soc., 152 (2005) 752-758. doi:10.1149/1.1864412
  70. E. B. Easton and P. G. Pickup, "An Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Study of Fuel Cell Electrodes", Electrochim. Acta, 50 (2005) 2469-2474. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2004.10.074
  71. E. B. Easton, B. L. Langsdorf, J. A. Hughes, J. Sultan, Z. G. Qi, A. Kaufman, and P. G. Pickup, "Characteristics Of Polypyrrole/Nafion Composite Membranes In A Direct Methanol Fuel Cell", J. Electrochem. Soc., 150 (2003) C735-C739. doi:10.1149/1.1608005
  72. E. B. Easton, Z. G. Qi, A. Kaufman, and P. G. Pickup, "Chemical Modification Of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Catalysts With A Sulfonated Silane", Electrochem. Solid-State Lett., 4 (2001) A59-A61. doi:10.1149/1.1361234
  73. E. B. Easton and P. G. Pickup, "Chemically Modified Gas Diffusion Electrodes Probing Electrochemical Activity In Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells", Electrochem. Solid-State Lett., 3 (2000) 359-361.doi:10.1149/1.1391148
  74. E. B. Easton and W. D. Machin, "Adsorption Of Water Vapor On A Graphitized Carbon Black", J. Colloid Interface Sci., 231 (2000) 204-206. doi:10.1006/jcis.2000.7116